A global snapshot of same-sex marriage
With the Australian Parliament’s recent passage of legislation legalizing gay marriage, 26 countries now permit gays and lesbians to wed. And if a recent high court ruling in Europe’s Austria takes effect as expected in 2019, that country also will join the ranks of nations allowing same-sex unions.
These events follow a number of other high-profile victories in recent years for gay marriage advocates, including Germany’s decision in June 2017 to allow gays and lesbians to wed and a Supreme Court ruling ruling two years earlier that made same-sex marriage legal in the United States.
Australia’s final parliamentary vote came on Dec. 7, just three weeks after more than 60% of Australians — voting in a nonbinding nationwide referendum — said they favored legalizing same-sex marriage.
And Austria saw a high court ruling on Dec. 5 that stipulated that gays and lesbians be given full marriage rights by 2019, unless the country’s parliament enacts legislation countermanding the order.
Worldwide, roughly two-thirds of the countries that allow gay marriage – 17 in all – are in Western Europe. Still, a number of Western European nations, particularly Italy and Switzerland, do not allow same-sex unions. And, so far, no countries in Central and Eastern Europe have legalized gay marriage.
Along with New Zealand, Australia is only the second nation in the Asia-Pacific region to legalize same-sex unions. In Africa, only South Africa allows gays and lesbians to wed, in which became legal in 2006.
In the Americas, five countries besides the U.S. – Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Colombia and Uruguay – have legalized gay marriage. In addition, some jurisdictions in Mexico allow same sex couples to wed.
Not surprisingly, same-sex marriage has advanced mostly in countries and regions where acceptance of homosexuality is high. In the U.S., for instance, 70% of adults in a survey conducted in June and July 2017 said that homosexuality should be accepted.
In 2013, we surveyed 11 of the 26 nations that have legalized same-sex marriage in all or part of their territory. In all but one of them (South Africa), a majority of people said homosexuality should be accepted. And while only 32% of South Africans said homosexuality should be accepted, that was by far the highest acceptance level of the eight African countries surveyed.
U.S. Think Tanks
via Pew Research Center http://pewrsr.ch/2lal8Hv
December 8, 2017 at 08:25AM